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Research Sites
The proponents have identified four areas from the major island groups in the Philippines, which will be the venue for data gathering and research validation.

City of Sta. Rosa, Province of Laguna

City of Sta. Rosa, Province of Laguna, Philippines

According to Konseho Santa Rosa’s Website, City of Sta. Rosa is approximately 54.13 sq. km. and is one of the large distributions in the province of Laguna in terms of land area. Based on the map above, City of Sta. Rosa is located in the western section of Laguna de Bay, which occupies the numerous commercial, industrial, and business establishments. The center of the city is also occupied similar to the western section. Residential areas and subdivisions, exclusive schools, industrial zones, and various small and medium enterprises are located mostly in the northern part. In addition to this, the City of Sta. Rosa has been named as the Investment Capital of South Luzon and the Next ICT Hub in the Country.

City of Bacolod, Province of Negros Occidental

bacolod city, philippines

Bacolod City is the capital of the province of Negros Occidental located at the northwest coast of Negros in Western Visayas. Based on the 2010 census report, the city has been occupied by 511,820 inhabitants. It is the most populated city in the region VI and 17th most populated city in the country. (The 2010 Census of Population and Housing Reveals, 2012).

Bacolod was derived from the Ilonggo word "bakolod" (meaning "stonehill"). The settlement was originally near the coastlines but after Muslim raids in 1755, the villagers moved to a hilly area. (Wikipedia)

During the Spanish colonial period, a “gobernadorcillo” (governor) was posted and Bacolod became a “parroquia” (parish). A primary public school system was set up and lands were opened for agiculture and industry. In 1894, Bacolod was made the capital of the Province of Negros. In 1897, the revolutionary army defeated the Spanish “casadores” and civil guards. In March 1899, American forces occupied Bacolod and made it the revolutionary

capital of the Provisional Republic of Negros. In May 1942, Bacolod was occupied by Japanese forces during World War II. In May 1945, it was liberated by American and Philippine forces. (Bacolod City Official Website, Wikipedia)

Bacolod, the "Sugar City in the Philippines," is a progressive and an elite city in the country. It is a fast growing economy because of its IT-BPO industry. It is 3rd BPO and offshoring. Bacolod is popular for its rich sugarland industry. There are sugarcane plantations; coconut and rice are also grown. People also engage in livestock, fishing and pottery for livelihood. (Wikipedia)

With a total of 15,610 hectares, taking in 124 hectares of reclaimed area, Bacolod comprises 61 barangays and 639 puroks. Among them, 41 are identified as urban and 20 are rural barangays while 27 are classified as rich and 34 as poor barangays according income, depressed area and access to health services and location. In the company of the rich barangays, 14 are urban and 13 rural while poor barangays consist of 27 urban and 7 rural barangay (Biñas, 2012). 

Investments continue to pour in the city as it now has 3 major shopping malls, several convention centers, hotels, established BPOs as well as university and hospitals (Biñas, 2012). In 2012, Bacolod ranked Top 5 as most competitive city in the Philippines. It is Top 3 for government efficiency. It is ranked first for new business registrations and ranked third for most number of hotel rooms. These economic developments represent employment opportunities for Bacolenos. Moreover, Bacolod is also known as a “City of Smile” enhanced by its Masskarra festival and by historical and attractive structures that foster tourism.

Province of Iloilo

iloilo, philippines

Located in the Western Visayas region, Iloilo is the largest province in the Island of Panay. Iloilo is bordered by Antique to the west and the island of Guimaras in the southeast. Across the Panay Gulf and Guimaras strait is Negros Occidental. Iloilo City as a highly urbanized and independent city is the capital of Iloilo.

Iloilo is considered as the government center of Western Visayas as most regional offices of national government agencies are located in the province. Furthermore, the province is the education capital in Region 6 as most higher education institutions in the Region are situated in Iloilo City.

The people of Iloilo are referred to as Ilonggo and they speak the dialect Hiligaynon.

As of May 2010, Iloilo has a population of 1,805,576.  The province is subdivided into forty-two (42) municipalities, one (1) component city, one (1) highly urbanized (Iloilo City), and 1,901 barangays.  Iloilo is 11th largest province in the country with the most number of registered voters (1,239,110). (National Statistics Coordinating Board, 2012)

Iloilo is a first income class province with a land area of 507.917 hectares. The province has an annual Internal Revenue Allotment (IRA) of 1.2 Billion Pesos which is ranked 13th in terms of highest amount of IRA across all provinces in the Philippines. (Department of Budget and Management, 2010)

Except for Iloilo City, the province is still agriculturally based with 214,782 hectares of farmland. Palay (rice) and corn remain the top agricultural crops.  Poverty incidence in the province is at 21.9% with 9,343 pesos per capita poverty threshold. (National Statistics Coordinating Board, 2012)

City of Iligan, Province of Lanao del Norte

iligan city, philippines

The earliest Spanish accounts refer to Iligan(or Yligan/Elegin) as the name of the settlement found at the mouth of the river that bears the same name(also Tambacan to many people).It was this same settlement that the early Jesuits in Mindanao came upon sometime in the 1630s. Around the 18th century, Iligan referred to the large military province or corregimiento, which comprised the present-day provinces of Lanao, Misamis Occidental, Zamboanga del Norte, and portions of Misamis Oriental. (

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